01六部门:采用热泵、太阳能等热源,推进粮食烘干设备的更新改造

2024-07-04 50018次浏览

农业农村部、国家发展改革委、财政部、自然资源部、生态环境部、国家粮食和物资储备局等六部门联合印发《关于加快粮食产地烘干能力建设的意见》(以下简称《意见》)

  《意见》指出,应因地制宜采用热泵、电加热、生物质燃料、天然气和太阳能等热源,推进粮食烘干设备的燃煤热源更新改造,力争到2025年,大气污染防治重点区域基本完成粮食烘干散煤清洁能源的替代。

  调研中了解到,农业生产领域包括蔬菜大棚种植、畜禽养殖、烤烟叶、粮食烘干、农产品加工等领域,散煤使用量大面广且底数不清。同时普遍存在锅炉热效率低、环保排放不达标等问题,是散煤治理工作的重点和难点之一。此次发布的加快粮食产地烘干能力建设的意见明确提出,到2025年大气污染防治重点地区应基本完成散煤替代工作,预示着粮食烘干领域的用能结构在未来1-2年内将发生改变。

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Natural Resources, Ministry of Ecological environment and State Administration of Grain and Materials Reserves jointly issued the Opinions on Accelerating the Building of Drying Capacity in Grain Producing Areas (hereinafter referred to as the "Opinions")

"Opinions" pointed out that we should adopt heat sources such as heat pump, electric heating, biomass fuel, natural gas and solar energy according to local conditions, promote the renovation of coal-fired heat source of grain drying equipment, and strive to achieve the replacement of clean energy of bulk coal for grain drying in key areas of atmospheric pollution prevention and control by 2025.

According to the survey, the fields of agricultural production include vegetable greenhouse planting, livestock and poultry breeding, tobacco roasting, grain drying, agricultural product processing and other fields, and the use of loose coal is wide and countless. At the same time, there are many problems such as low thermal efficiency of boiler and environmental protection discharge not up to standard, which is one of the emphases and difficulties of loose coal treatment. According to the Opinions on Accelerating the Construction of Drying Capacity in Grain Producing Areas, the replacement of bulk coal in key areas of atmospheric pollution prevention and control should be basically completed by 2025, which indicates that the structure of energy consumption in the field of grain drying will change in the next 1-2 years.